How an Electric Scooter Motor Works

Published in Benefits

Electric scooters are basically traditional kick scooters that have been altered by adding an electric motor to the back or under the foot deck of the scooter.  So, instead of moving the scooter in the traditional kick method with the power of your feet, a motor with a rechargeable battery drives the wheels.  How does this process work?

Well, inside an electric motor, there is a battery, some magnets and an axle.  The basic principle behind electric motors is magnetic fields.  Think of how magnets attract and repel.  This creates motion.  Two magnets, a field magnet and an armature magnet are used in an electric scooter motor.  The armature, or rotor, magnet is an electromagnet.

The field magnet can be either a permanent magnet or an electromagnet.  The magnets are arranged in the motor in such as way that the north and south end of each magnet affect each other, creating a rotational pull within the motor.  This rotating movement moves the axle which is connected to the wheels of the scooter with chains or belts.

The battery in an electric scooter is typically a 24 volt battery (two-12V).  It requires 12 or more hours during the first charge.  After that, eight hours is usually sufficient for a full charge.

Some electric scooters start with the push of a button or throttle, while others require a manual kick motion to get the scooter to around three miles an hour before the motor engages and you can enjoy simply riding.  When you are looking at different models, this information should be included in descriptions or features.

The different wattages of the motors of varying electric scooter models will determine how fast the scooter can be ridden and what the weight limit is.  For instance, the Razor e100 Electric Scooter has a 100 watt motor, the weight limit is 120 lbs., and the top speed is 10 miles an hour.  The Razor e200 electric scooter has a 200 watt motor, the weight limit is 154 lbs, and the top speed is 13 miles an hour.  The Razor e300 Electric Scooter has a 300 watt motor, the weight limit is 220 lbs, and the top speed is 15 miles an hour.

Electric scooters are very popular these days!  They are fun way to get around with no release of carbon emissions.  This makes them a favorite of the environmentally-conscious crowd.  The electric motor is also very quiet, so the rider can hear any vehicles approaching for safe riding.

How an Electric Scooter Motor Works
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